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# Accounting question – partnership problems

(1)

The partnership agreement of Jones, King, and Lane provides for the annual allocation of the business’s profit or loss in the following sequence:

• Jones, the managing partner, receives a bonus equal to 20 percent of the business’s profit.

• Each partner receives 15 percent interest on average capital investment.

• Any residual profit or loss is divided equally.

The average capital investments for 2013 were as follows:

Jones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \$100,000

King . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200,000

Lane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300,000

How much of the \$90,000 partnership profit for 2013 should be assigned to each partner?

(2)

Gray, Stone, and Lawson open an accounting practice on January 1, 2011, in San Diego, California, to be operated as a partnership. Gray and Stone will serve as the senior partners because of their years of experience. To establish the business, Gray, Stone, and Lawson contribute cash and other properties valued at \$210,000, \$180,000, and \$90,000, respectively. Articles of partnership agreement are drawn up. It has the following stipulations:

• Personal drawings are allowed annually up to an amount equal to 10 percent of the beginning capital balance for the year.

• Profits and losses are allocated according to the following plan:

(1) A salary allowance is credited to each partner in an amount equal to \$8 per billable hour worked by that individual during the year.

(2) Interest is credited to the partners’ capital accounts at the rate of 12 percent of the average monthly balance for the year (computed without regard for current income or drawings).

(3) An annual bonus is to be credited to Gray and Stone. Each bonus is to be 10 percent of net income after subtracting the bonus, the salary allowance, and the interest. Also included in the agreement is the provision that the bonus cannot be a negative amount.

(4) Any remaining partnership profit or loss is to be divided evenly among all partners. Because of monetary problems encountered in getting the business started, Gray invests an additional \$9,100 on May 1, 2011. On January 1, 2012, the partners allow Monet to buy into the partnership. Monet contributes cash directly to the business in an amount equal to a 25 percent interest in the book value of the partnership property subsequent to this contribution. The partnership agreement as to splitting profits and losses is not altered upon Monet’s entrance into the firm; the general provisions continue to be applicable.

The billable hours for the partners during the first three years of operation follow:

2011                       2012                       2013

Gray . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      1,710                     1,800                    1,880

Stone . . . . . . . . . . . . .      1,440                      1,500                    1,620

Lawson . . . . . . . . . . .       1,300                    1,380                    1,310

Monet . . . . . . . . . . . .      –0–                       1,190                    1,580

The partnership reports net income for 2011 through 2013 as follows:

2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \$ 65,000

2012 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (20,400)

2013 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152,800

Each partner withdraws the maximum allowable amount each year.

a. Determine the allocation of income for each of these three years (to the nearest dollar).

b. Prepare in appropriate form a statement of partners’ capital for the year ending December 31,

2013.

(3)

A partnership of attorneys in the St. Louis, Missouri, area has the following balance sheet accounts as of January 1, 2013:

Assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   . \$320,000      Liabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \$120,000

Athos, capital . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80,000

Porthos, capital . . . . . . . . .. . . 70,000

Aramis, capital . . . . . . . . . . .. . 50,000

According to the articles of partnership, Athos is to receive an allocation of 50 percent of all partnership profits and losses while Porthos receives 30 percent and Aramis, 20 percent. The book value of each asset and liability should be considered an accurate representation of fair value.

For each of the following independent situations, prepare the journal entry or entries to be recorded by the partnership. (Round to nearest dollar.)

a. Porthos, with permission of the other partners, decides to sell half of his partnership interest to D’Artagnan for \$50,000 in cash. No asset revaluation or goodwill is to be recorded by the partnership.

b. All three of the present partners agree to sell 10 percent of each partnership interest to D’Artagnan for a total cash payment of \$25,000. Each partner receives a negotiated portion of this amount. Goodwill is recorded as a result of the transaction.

c. D’Artagnan is allowed to become a partner with a 10 percent ownership interest by contributing \$30,000 in cash directly into the business. The bonus method is used to record this admission.

d. Use the same facts as in requirement (c) except that the entrance into the partnership is recorded by the goodwill method.

e. D’Artagnan is allowed to become a partner with a 10 percent ownership interest by contributing \$12,222 in cash directly to the business. The goodwill method is used to record this transaction.

f. Aramis decides to retire and leave the partnership. An independent appraisal of the business and its assets indicates a current fair value of \$280,000. Goodwill is to be recorded.

Aramis will then be given the exact amount of cash that will close out his capital account.

(4)

The following balance sheet is for a local partnership in which the partners have become very unhappy with each other.

Cash. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \$ 40,000            Liabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \$ 30,000

Land. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130,000             Adams, capital . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80,000

Building . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120,000             Baker, capital. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30,000

Carvil, capital . . . . . . . . .  . 60,000

Dobbs, capital . . . . . . . .   . 90,000

Total assets . . . . . . . . .  . . \$290,000           Total liabilities and capital . . . . \$290,000

To avoid more conflict, the partners have decided to cease operations and sell all assets. Using this information, answer the following questions. Each question should be viewed as an independent situation related to the partnership’s liquidation.

a. The \$10,000 cash that exceeds the partnership liabilities is to be disbursed immediately. If profits and losses are allocated to Adams, Baker, Carvil, and Dobbs on a 2:3:3:2 basis, respectively, how will the \$10,000 be divided?

b. The \$10,000 cash that exceeds the partnership liabilities is to be disbursed immediately. If profits and losses are allocated on a 2:2:3:3 basis, respectively, how will the \$10,000 be divided?

c. The building is immediately sold for \$70,000 to give total cash of \$110,000. The liabilities are then paid, leaving cash balance of \$80,000. This cash is to be distributed to the partners. How much of this money will each partner receive if profits and losses are allocated to Adams, Baker, Carvil, and Dobbs on a 1:3:3:3 basis, respectively?

d. Assume that profits and losses are allocated to Adams, Baker, Carvil, and Dobbs on a 1:3:4:2 basis, respectively. How much money must the firm receive from selling the land and building to ensure that Carvil receives a portion?

(5)

March, April, and May have been in partnership for a number of years. The partners allocate all profits and losses on a 2:3:1 basis, respectively. Recently, each partner has become personally insolvent and, thus, the partners have decided to liquidate the business in hopes of remedying their personal financial problems. As of September 1, the partnership’s balance sheet is as follows:

Cash. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \$ 11,000            Liabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \$ 61,000

Accounts receivable . . . . . . 84,000           March, capital . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25,000

Inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74,000             April, capital . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75,000

Land, building, and                                          May, capital . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46,000

Equipment (net) . . . . . . . . 38,000              Total liabilities and capital . . . . . \$207,000

Total assets . . . . . . . . . . . \$207,000

Prepare journal entries for the following transactions:

a. Sold all inventory for \$56,000 cash.

b. Paid \$7,500 in liquidation expenses.

c. Paid \$40,000 of the partnership’s liabilities.

d. Collected \$45,000 of the accounts receivable.

e. Distributed safe cash balances; the partners anticipate no further liquidation expenses.

f. Sold remaining accounts receivable for 30 percent of face value.

g. Sold land, building, and equipment for \$17,000.

h. Paid all remaining liabilities of the partnership.

i. Distributed cash held by the business to the partners.

(6)

The partnership of Frick, Wilson, and Clarke has elected to cease all operations and liquidate its business property. A balance sheet drawn up at this time shows the following account balances:

Cash. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \$ 48,000            Liabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \$ 35,000

Noncash assets . . . . . . . . . . 177,000         Frick, capital (60%) . . . . . . . . . . . 101,000

Wilson, capital (20%) . . . . . 28,000

Clarke, capital (20%). . . . . . 61,000

Total assets . . . . . . . . . . .   \$225,000          Total liabilities and capital . . . . \$225,000

The following transactions occur in liquidating this business:

• Distributed safe capital balances immediately to the partners. Liquidation expenses of \$9,000 are estimated as a basis for this computation.

• Sold noncash assets with a book value of \$80,000 for \$48,000.

• Paid all liabilities.

• Distributed safe capital balances again.

• Sold remaining noncash assets for \$44,000.

• Paid liquidation expenses of \$7,000.

• Distributed remaining cash to the partners and closed the financial records of the business permanently.

Produce a final schedule of liquidation for this partnership.

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